Monkeypox is one of the most highly infectious viruses known to mankind. There are two major types of Monkeypox: Varicella-zoster and Rubella-zoster. The two viruses have similarity in their symptoms, but differ in their modes of entry and spread. The major difference lies in the routes of entry into the body. Both types of Monkeypox spread through direct contact with the infected person’s skin. This article will discuss the current status of Monkey pox in Nigeria.
The symptoms of Monkeypox resemble those caused by shingles. Fever, extreme weakness, headaches, swollen lymph nodes and appearance of rashes are some of the visible symptoms. There is also a high chance of secondary infection due to secondary bacterial or viral infections. In children, Monkeypox often causes encephalitis, loss of consciousness, and severe infections in the lungs. The disease rarely affects newborns or infants.
Although vaccination is available for some strains of Monkeypox, the Nigeria Virus remains the primary cause of infections. However, vaccination campaigns are ongoing to produce strains that are more resistant to the virus. The highly contagious nature of Monkey pox makes it essential to treat the disease promptly after the onset of symptoms. In addition, all adult patients should be observed carefully so as to identify any complications that might occur during treatment.
There are some exceptions to this rule. If the disease has not spread beyond a small group of people, and they have been observed for less than seven days, then they can be considered as having been cured. Otherwise, if the incubation period (the period of time from infection to the manifestation of symptoms) is more than seven days or if the patient is unable to show any signs of improvement after the induction of an appropriate dosage, then he or she should be considered as having developed secondary infections.
Treatment of Monkeypox is achieved in two ways. One is supportive therapy, which aims at reducing the painful and virus-free physical manifestations of the condition. The other aims at restoring the damaged microvascular system of the body, as well as the long-term immunity of the patients. Therapy may include the use of injectable immune globulins or monoclonal antibodies. These substances are usually derived from a variety of viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
Monkeypox is a highly contagious viral infection. Close physical contact is required for its spread. Therefore, it is important that every person who comes into contact with the virus should wear a mask or gown at all times. Anyone with symptoms should immediately report this to a health care professional. Early identification of the condition will improve the chances of successful treatment.